Definitions of cryptography, encryption, decryption, cracking/breaking an encryption, cipher, etc. Differences from the actual Explore PT: The actual Explore Performance Task will be completed over 8 class hours. What jobs are they interested in, what are their favorite tech gadgets or apps, and how do they think they are built? Experts. Video: These questions refer to ideas in the Cybercrime video. Personally, financially, and even in … Code Occupation; 15-1299.06: Digital Forensics Analysts Bright Outlook 15-1299.04: … We use encryption everyday on the Internet, primarily to conduct commercial transactions, and without it our economy might grind to a halt. You may wish to check … Understand the relationship between cryptographic keys and passwords. When you see the little lock icon and, SSL (secure sockets layer) and TLS (transport layer security) use. Then students perform a Rapid Research project investigating a particular cybercrime event with a particular focus on the data that was lost or stolen and the concerns that arise as a result. Make games, apps and art with code. In this lesson, students are introduced to the need for encryption and simple techniques for breaking (or cracking) secret messages. After re-capping the first activity make sure students understand the following before proceeding: What if instead of shifting the whole alphabet, we mapped every letter of the alphabet to a random different letter of the alphabet? 6.3 - Cybersecurity is an important concern for the Internet and the systems built on it. To conclude our thinking about encryption and security we're going to look at how cybercrimes are conducted, how cybersecurity measures can protect us, and what the implications are of data leaking. REMINDER: Discovery-based introduction of tools in a nutshell: This widget, like all others, are meant as a learning tool. These terms are pulled directly from the AP CSP Framework. Typically a thief trying to trick you into sending them sensitive information. Students should not leave class after the first day without a topic in mind and ideally with some resources identified. Maritime cyber risk refers to a measure of the extent to which a technology asset could be threatened by a potential circumstance or event, which may result in shipping-related operational, safety or security … Students should become well-acquainted with idea that in an age of powerful computational tools, techniques of encryption will need to be more sophisticated. Several lessons in their Computer Science Principles course are extremely … What if the message were longer BUT you had a computational tool to help you?! Digital commerce, business, government operations, and even social networks all rely on our ability to keep information from falling into the wrong hands. Developing strong encryption relies on knowledge of problems that are “hard” for computers to solve, and using that knowledge to encrypt messages. Remember the letters aren't randomly substituted - the alphabet is just shifted. The video touches on types of cybercrimes and cyber attacks NOT covered in the How Not To Get Hacked - Web Resource article but are still vocabulary that students need to know, specifically DDoS attacks and how they work. Crack a message encrypted with a Caesar cipher using a Caesar Cipher Widget, Crack a message encrypted with random substitution using Frequency Analysis, Explain the weaknesses and security flaws of substitution ciphers. Complete One-Pager: Students should find this aspect of their project most familiar. Choose one or more. The following terms have been used to augment your search: "cyber", "security". Students try their own hand at cracking a message encoded with the classic Caesar cipher and also a Random Substitution Cipher. There is a page in Code studio which recaps terminology (encryption, decryption, crack, cipher, Caesar ciper) and poses the next problem. As our lives increasingly are conducted on the Internet, we want to be sure we can maintain the privacy of our information and control who has access to privileged information. Launch Your Cybersecurity Career through the Women CyberSecurity Society. Discover why the Internet is insecure. Today cybercrime causes huge problems for society. … Look for the Lock. As a resource, you may wish to read all of Chapter 5 of Blown to Bits. Sharing/Submission: You may want to collect students’ one-pagers, have them share in small groups, or with the whole class. Why? NARRATOR: When was the last time you sent a coded message? A "firewall" is simply software that runs on servers (often routers) that only allows traffic through according to some set of security rules. Stream high-quality videos and courses on various topics of cybersecurity and take your career to the next level! Experiment with the tool - Click things, poke around, figure out what it's doing. Understand why using longer passwords makes them harder to guess. Get students into to the tool without much or any introduction, Give students working in partners a fixed amount of time (5 minutes or so) to poke around and see if they can figure out what it does and doesn’t do – typically this might be presented as a mystery worth investigating, Teacher fill in any gaps or explanations of how the tool works afterwards, Have students click to the next bubble to see the frequency analysis version of the widget. Once you have found the amount of shift the rest comes easily. ... How do they match? What do you work, what do you do, and what do you love most about your job? This message was encrypted using a Caesar Cipher (an "alphabetic shift"). 6.3.1 - Identify existing cybersecurity concerns and potential options to address these issues with the Internet and the systems built on it. Encryption is not just for the military and spies anymore. Below is a suggested schedule for completing the project. Show: The Internet: Cybersecurity and Crime - Video. Resist the urge to give students a tool or device to aid in cracking this message -- that's coming in the next part of the lesson! If necessary point out to students that the next level in code studio (the one after the frequency analysis tool) explains a little bit about how frequency analysis works and suggests a few strategies for how to get started. If students are struggling to start here are a few strategy suggestions: If you'd like your students to read a little bit about Historical Cryptography and cracking ciphers, check out 'Substitution Ciphers and Frequency Analaysis' in Blown to Bits, Chapter 5 - Reading pp. Point out that the written component is quite short. Students may assume that more is required of them than is actually the case. They probably have space for at most 100-150 words per response. Table 1, below, depicts the alignment of the new, 3-digit cybersecurity codes with the NICE Framework. The widget is pretty self-explanatory. Most of those people were also impacted by the cyber incident involving background investigations records; approximately 600,000 individuals were impacted only by the cyber incident involving personnel records. Make sure you reinforce this definition as students choose their topics. Showing top 20 occupations for cyber security. When browsing the web, always look at the address bar of the site you’re on to … Can you put a number on it? Did it take longer than you thought? (It should look like the screen shown below), Figure out what is going on in this new version of the tool. Note that the Explore PT prep unit includes additional resources that will help students prepare for the task. s is for "simple" - a simplified version of http that runs faster on modern computers, s is for "standard" - to distinguish the original http from non-standard versions like. … a career in cyber security starts with your education Most cyber security careers require at least a bachelor's degree in a related field to get started. Following this lesson you may opt to either run the research activity in the next lesson or move on to running the full Explore PT with your class. You might choose to send them directly to that at this point or show the video to the whole class. If we are to create a secure Internet, we will need to develop tools and protocols which can resist the enormous computational power of modern computers. How much easier is it to crack a Caesar cipher than a random substitution cipher? With the … Cyber Codes. … What information is being presented to you? Conducting Your Research: This document is intended to serve primarily as a guide to students for identifying online sources of information. This Code of Practice explains why and how cyber security should be considered throughout a building’s lifecycle and explains good practice, focusing on building-related systems and all connections to the wider cyber … Career advancement, development, transiting mentoring, coaching, women in technology, women in security, women in cybersecurity, cyber defence, cyber … The fact that this schedule is significantly shorter reflects several differences in this Practice PT. It is possible to get pretty proficient at cracking these messages with the tool. Give students about 5 minutes to get into the tool and crack a few messages. “Encryption” is a process for transforming a message so that the original is “hidden” from anyone who is not the intended recipient. You cannot break it so you are encouraged to let students play and investigate to figure out how the tools work. As usual: you can't break it. The new version of the widget you'll see is a more sophisticated version of the encryption tool that shows you lots of different stuff. Typically a virus installed on many computers (thousands) activate at the same time and flood a target with traffic to the point the server becomes overwhelmed -- doing this can render web services like DNS, or routers, or certain websites useless and unresponsive. Anyone can learn computer science. The CodeHS Cybersecurity course prepares students with crucial skills to be responsible citizens in a digital future and protect themselves from the growing threat of cyber attacks. What about a random substitution cipher? The process of encoding a plain text message in some secret way is called Encryption. Give students about 15-20 minutes to crack one of the messages. Review Activity Guide and Rubric: At the beginning of the project, emphasize the importance of reviewing the one-pager template and rubric. Goal: let students explore for 5-10 minutes to see if they can discover what the tool is showing them and allowing them to do. Students can enter their own messages, do a random substitution to encrypt it, then copy/paste the encrypted version and see if a friend can crack it. cybersecurity. In this video, hear how our excellence in code-making and code … The Rapid Research activity features vocabulary, concepts, and skills that should help prepare them for the AP Explore PT, and also serves as a capstone for the sequence of lessons on encryption and security. Since students were researching something of their own choosing, they might be eager to show what they found out. A virus is program that runs on a computer to do something the owner of the computer does not intend. and Cybersecurity One-Pager - Template. Let students figure out how to use it on their own. Figure out what the the tool let's you do. The annotations given here should provide enough depth for the kinds of responses expected of students. Explain why encryption is an important need for everyday life on the Internet. Below is the list of cybersecurity terms that students were introduced to throughout this lesson. Students come in with various backgrounds and leave with the training and skills they need to excel as cybersecurity professionals. These cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes.. In this lesson, students are introduced to the need for encryption and simple techniques for breaking (or cracking) secret messages. In this set of activities students will use two different versions of a simple widget in Code Studio to "crack" a messages encoded with substitution ciphers, including an alphabetic shift and random substitution. These are critical skills students must use when describing the computing innovation they will research. Presenting and cracking a caesar cipher should go pretty fast. Aided with the tool, cracking an alphabetic shift is trivial. If you are interested in licensing Code.org materials for commercial purposes, The Internet: Encryption & Public Keys - Video. Can you write out an algorithm for cracking a Caesar cipher? The instructions for this activity are simple - there is no handout: Goal: Select a message encrypted with a caesar cipher and use the provided widget to "crack" it. Students are not describing the beneficial or harmful effects of an innovation / event. The most important aspect of this lesson is to understand how and why encryption plays a role in all of our lives every day on the Internet, and that making good encryption is not trivial. Practice research and writing skills that will help students on the Explore PT. 20 minutes). Choosing Your Cybercrime Event: It is recommended that you place a time limit on this process (e.g. If you received a notification letter and 25-digit PIN code … In particular this definition sets up the last two prompts of the activity guide where students must both specifically identify the data used by an app and describe concerns specifically related to this data. This is called a random substitution cipher. How did you get interested in computer science? Typically these include emails about system updates asking you send your username and password, social security number or other things. But what it does is bit of a mystery! If you want to, enter you own message, encrypt it, and have a friend decrypt it. Don't rush it, but don't linger on cracking caesar ciphers. Transition to Code Studio: Encryption Widgets on Code.org. Table 2, on pages 12-20, contains a crosswalk of the now-obsolete 2013 2-digit cybersecurity codes with the 2017 3-digit cybersecurity codes… Ask the students questions and leave time for Q&A. If necessary provide context of some facts about the Internet: Secrecy is a critical part of our lives, in ways big and small. This is especially true in the case of warfare which (fortunately) we have not experienced much of on a global scale. However, when aided with computational tools, a random substitution cipher can be cracked by a novice in a matter of minutes. The prompts are similar in style and content to prompts students have already seen. The video touches on a number of topics that students might choose to research later: Distribute: Give students copies of Rapid Research - Cybercrime - Activity Guide Enterprise. Cyber Video Quizzes. Do the students have any questions for you. As a result an alphabetic shift is often referred to as the Caesar Cipher. Students will get their feet wet with understanding the considerations that must go into making strong encryption in the face of powerful computational tools that can be used to crack it. With tools it becomes trivial, as we'll see next. NOTE: this video is also embeded at the top of the How Not To Get Hacked - Web Resource page that students read in the actvity, as well as in Code Studio. Find a small word and try alphabetic shifts until it's clear that it's an English word. We are a national non-profit providing services and support for women and marginalized groups interested in a cybersecurity career. [P1] 6.3.1C - Implementing cybersecurity … Many of the ideas we use to keep secrets in the digital age are far older than the Internet. As part of wrap up the major points we want to draw out are: Here are a couple of thought-provoking prompts you can use to bring closure to the lesson and as an avenue to draw out the points above. Implementing effective cybersecurity … So click on things, poke around. Longer passwords increase the number of possible keys making it, Encryption is essential for every day life and activity, The "strength" of encryption is related to how easy it is to crack a message, assuming adversary knows the technique but not the exact "key". Share a story about how tech affects everyone. cyber security. We've annotated them with brief explanations that should come out during discussion. The need for secrecy when sending bits over the Internet is important for anyone using the Internet. Viruses can be used as a Bot Net to trigger a DDoS-style attack, or they can spy on your computer activity, such as capturing all the keystrokes you make at the computer, or websites you visit, etc. The skill students need to develop is identifying useful resources on their own and then synthesizing this information. The National Cyber Strategy, the President’s 2018 Management Agenda, and Executive Order 13800 of May 11, 2017 (Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure) [set out above], each emphasize that a superior cybersecurity workforce will promote American prosperity and preserve peace. If you have a degree in another area but want to join … Implementing cybersecurity has software, hardware, and human components. Code.org ... My name's Jenny Martin and I'm the Director of Cybersecurity Investigations at Symantec. For 50 years and counting, ISACA ® has been helping information systems governance, control, risk, security, audit/assurance and business and cybersecurity professionals, and enterprises succeed. Antivirus software usually keeps big lists of known viruses and scans your computer looking for the virus programs in order to get rid of them. With this simple encryption technique it only took a few minutes to decode a small message. If they have responded completely to each of the prompts, it is fine to write less. Differentiation and accommodations for this lesson. 1. Review terminology about cybersecurity and crime that is relevant for the AP CS Principles Exam and 2. freeCodeCamp is a donor-supported tax-exempt 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization (United States Federal Tax Identification Number: 82-0779546) Our mission: to help people learn to code for free. Then you'll research a particular cybercrime and quickly prepare a one-pager about it. Rapid Research: Use the rubric provided with the Activity Guide to assess the one-pagers. See how codes can protect your online secrets and what motivates hackers to hack. Being presented with a structured way of doing this means students will have a model for how to complete their research when completing the actual Explore PT. More sophisticated scams can make websites and email look very similar to the real thing. Students are not creating any kind of computational artifact. Showing top 20 occupations for cybersecurity. Do you trust the security of your email, text messages, and browser history? shorter? Microdegree. 165-169. This method is effective for a few reasons, but overall students find this approach more engaging and fun, and they tend to be more receptive to, and motivated to hear, explanations of how the tool works after trying to “solve the mystery” themselves. When someone tries to get you to give up personal information through email or a bogus website it is called a: When someone attemps to compromise a target by flooding it with requests from multiple systems that is called a: The vast majority of computer security failures are due to: If you are interested in licensing Code.org materials for commercial purposes, Video Guide KEY for "Cybersecurity and Crime" - 2018, Cybersecurity and Crime Video Worksheet (Optional), The Internet: Cybersecurity and Crime - Video, Cybersecurity and Crime Video Worksheet (Optional) - Video Worksheet, Rapid Research - Cybercrime - Activity Guide, KEY: Video Guide “Cybersecurity and Crime”, Explain the characteristics of a phishing attack, Research and describe a cyber attack found in the news, Reason about the threats posed by, and methods of recourse for, various types of cyber attacks, Describe plausible storage, security, or privacy concerns for particular pieces of data, Review annotated responses to terminology at end of lesson for wrap up, Have students watch the video (display for all, or have students watch in Code Studio). Vulnerabilities in hardware and software can be compromised as part of an attack. Ops 401: These are the most intense courses offered at Code Fellows. A random substitution cipher is very crackable by hand though it might take some time, trial and error. For example in Roman times Julius Caesar is reported to have encrypted messages to his soldiers and generals by using a simple alphabetic shift - every character was encrypted by substituting it with a character that was some fixed number of letters away in the alphabet. Cybercrime Definition: The definition of a cybercrime event as "any instance where digitally stored data falls into the hands of someone not originally intended to have access to it" is used to help align this task to the Explore PT. Review of Terminology -- you can use this opportunity to review new vocabulary introduced in the activity and respond to questions students may have encountered during the activity. For more than 65 years, NSA’s signals intelligence and cybersecurity missions have given the U.S. a strategic advantage over adversaries as a combat support agency. An encryption layer of HTTP. This lesson serves two roles. Closest matches are shown first. Check out the mappings to the framework at the bottom of this lesson plan. Students learn about various types of cybercrimes and the cybersecurity measures that can help prevent them. Affiliate. Part of the point here is that it's possible without tools. These discovery-based methods of introducing tools have been tested in professional development and have worked well for teachers who use this curriculum. Home. Closest matches are shown first. The video re-iterates a number of points that came out in this lesson. Browse. Was it difficult to crack a Random Substitution cipher? Some categories and topics have been supplied ahead of time. Create your free account now! Distributed denial of service attacks (DDoS), Viruses / Antivirus software and firewalls. Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks. You should move on to cracking random substitution relatively quickly. Sockets layer/transport layer security (SSL/TLS). Any encryption cipher is an algorithm for transforming plaintext into ciphertext. Cyber warfare and cyber crime have widespread and potentially devastating effects. Once you've done one, it only takes a matter of seconds to do others. Simple substitution ciphers give insight into encryption algorithms, but as we've seen fall way short when a potential adversary is aided with computational tools...our understanding must become more sophisticated. Well, probably within the last hour, if you’ve sent an email or logged onto a website. Emphasize the need for clarity in their writing, and remind them that everything must fit on a single page. The goal here is make points about cracking encryption with computational tools, and start to use some common terms. But using cyber attacks to cripple basic infrastructure (power, water) and communication could be devastating. Code.org Code.org has several courses designed to teach coding and a wider understanding of computer science. You may optionally pause here to recap and go over terms if you like or just let students proceed (see activity part 2 below). Packets traveling across the Internet move through many routers, each of which could be owned by different people or organizations. This Code of Practice is written for engineers and engineering management to support their understanding of the issues involved in ensuring that the safety responsibilities of an organization are addressed, in the presence of a threat of cyber … WiCyS is a community of engagement, encouragement and support for women in cybersecurity. The tasks laid out for students in code studio are: After some exploration time regroup to clarify what the tool is and how it works. Luckily, in choosing their topics, students will likely have begun to identify resources they can use in completing their project. Women in CyberSecurity (WiCyS) is the premier organization with international reach dedicated to bringing together women in cybersecurity … These statements can be used as the basis for question on the AP CSP Exam. Students try their own hand at cracking a message encoded with the … But, as mentioned in the video, a large percentage of cybersecurity vulnerabilities are human-related, such as choosing bad passwords, (unintentionally) installing viruses, or giving personal information away. Computational tools dramatically increase the strength and complexity of the algorithms we use to encrypt information, but these same tools also increase our ability to crack an encryption. What about the other way around? Code of Practice for Cyber Security in the Built Environment. If you figure it out you might be able to crack a message encoded with random substitution. This lesson gives students a first taste of the kind of thinking that goes into encrypting messages in the face of computational tools. An April 2019 research report by Enterprise Strategy Group and the Information Systems Security Association indicates that 93% of cybersecurity professionals believe that “Cybersecurity professionals must keep up with their skills or the organizations they work for are at a significant disadvantage against today’s cyber … If you are running out of time, assigning some of these terms for homework might be a good way to review and kick off the next day. It provides social context which you may want to bring to your classroom. Techniques for breaking ( or cracking ) secret messages Principles Exam and 2 to help you? actually... 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